Country Profile - Australia

Name: Australia

Location: Indian /Pacific Oceans

Time: Spans three Time zones, varying from IST (+) 4 1/2 hrs to IST (+) 2 1/2 hrs

Capital: Canberra

Language: English 78.5%, Chinese 2.5%, Italian 1.6%, Greek 1.3%, Arabic 1.2%, Vietnamese 1%, other 8.2%, unspecified 5.7% (2006 Census)

Area: 7,692,024 sq kms

Population: 22,894,306 (2013 estimate)

National Day: 26 Jan (Australia Day)

Currency: Australian Dollar (AUD).

Climate: Australia is in the southern hemisphere and the seasons are opposite to those in Europe and North America. There are two climatic zones: the tropical zone (in the north above the Tropic of Capricorn) and the temperate zone. The tropical zone (consisting of 40 per cent of Australia) has two seasons, summer (‘wet’) and winter (‘dry’) while the temperate zone has all four seasons.

Holidays: 1 Jan New Year's Day. 26 Jan Australia Day, 25 Dec Christmas Day, 26 Dec Boxing Day

Airline Name: Qantas QF, Jetstar Airways

International Airports: Adelaide, Brisbane, Cairns (Queensland), Canberra, Darwin, Hobart, Melbourne, Perth, Sydney (Kingsford Smith) and Townsville (Queensland)