Country Profile - Iceland

Name: Republic of Iceland

Location: North Atlantic, close to Arctic Circle

Time: IST (-) 5 1/2 hrs

Capital: Reykjavik

Language: Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken

Area: 103,000 sq kms

Population: 311,058 (July 2011 est.)

National Day: 17 Jun

Currency: Icelandic Krona (ISK).

Climate: Iceland’s climate is tempered by the Gulf Stream. Summers are mild and winters rather cold. The colourful Aurora Borealis (Northern Lights) appear from the end of August. From the end of May to the beginning of August, there are nearly 24 hours of perpetual daylight in Reykjavík, while in the northern part of the country the sun barely sets at all. Winds can be strong and gusty at times and there is the occasional dust storm in the interior. Snow is not as common as the name of the country would seem to suggest, and in any case does not lie for long in Reykjavík; it is only in northern Iceland that skiing conditions are reasonably certain. However, the weather is very changeable at all times of the year, and in Reykjavík there may be rain, sunshine, drizzle and snow in the same day. The air is clean and pollution-free

Holidays: 1 Jan New Year's Day. 26 Apr First Day of Summer. 1 May Labour Day. 17 May Ascension. 17 Jun National Day. 6 Aug Commerce Day. 24 Dec Christmas. 31 Dec New Year's Eve.

Airline Name: Icelandair (FI)

International Airports: Keflavik (REK)