Country Profile - China

Name: The People’s Republic of China

Location: Far East

Time: IST (+) 2 1/2 hrs

Capital: Beijing

Language: Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)

Area: 9,571,300 sq kms

Population: 1,336,718,015 (July 2011 est.)

National Day: 01 Oct

Currency: Chinese Yuan (CNY).

Climate: China has a great diversity of climates. The northeast experiences hot and dry summers and bitterly cold winters. The north and central region has almost continual rainfall, hot summers and cold winters. The southeast region has substantial rainfall, with semi-tropical summers and cool winters.

Holidays: 1 Jan New Year. 23 Jan Spring Festival, Chinese New Year. 1 May May Labour Day. 30 Oct Mid-Autumn Festival. 1 Oct Oct National Day.

Airline Name: Air China CA

International Airports: Capital Central (BJS) (Beijing), Baiyun (Canton), Hongqiao (Shanghai) (SHA), Gnangzhou